History of PVAO
PVAO Governance Charter
Code of Conduct
Veterans Benefits & Services
Old Age Pension
Courses for EB Scholars
Student-ward Reimbursement Policy and Partners
Hospitalization & Healthcare Benefits
Veterans Hospitalization & Medical Care Program
PVAO Contracted Hospitals
Filipino World War II Parole Program
Memorials & Archives
Balantang Memorial Cemetery National Shrine
Capas National Shrine
Corregidor Island 360 View
Kiangan National Shrine
Libingan ng mga Bayani
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Ricarte National Shrine
USAFIP, NL Military Shrine & Park
PEFTOK War Memorial
Story of Battles
The Battle of Bessang Pass
The Battle of Manila
The Liberation of Panay
Philippine Archives Collection
Philippines After WW-II
Interview with WW-II Veterans
Directory of Key Officials
Brigadier-General Francisco Licuanan, Jr. Collection
The Philippine Archives Collection is a group of records at the US National Archives that constitutes an invaluable source of information on the Pacific war, particularly concerning the treatment of prisoners of war (POWs); military operations in the Philippines, 1941-1942; guerrilla warfare in the Philippines; and conditions in the Philippines under Japanese occupation.
The Guerrilla Recognition Files which is part of the Philippine Collection was digitized, brought back to the Philippines and is named the Brigadier-General Francisco Licuanan, Jr. Collection.
The Philippine Archives Collection documents the activities of the Southwest Pacific Area (SWPA) and its component parts but the primary focus is not at the command level but at the level of the individual men and women who served in military or civilian capacities or in guerrilla units in the Philippines during the SWPA control. Among the records are personal histories and diaries; unit histories; medical and death reports; documents on activities within guerrilla units and criminal behavior by guerrillas; and accounts of the effort to liberate the Philippines from Japanese control.
In June 1945 the U.S. Recovered Personnel Division (RPD), Armed Forces in the Pacific (AFPAC), began its mission to locate, recover and take care of U.S. and other Allied military and civilian personnel who had been captured by the Japanese. They were also required to gather personal information on civilians employed by the Army during the war, Army personnel, guerrillas and POWs. Awards of claims of compensation were limited to individuals who had supported U.S. objectives in the Philippines. A key factor in determining eligibility was an individual’s service records – veterans of the Philippine Army, Philippine Scouts, or guerrilla units that were recognized by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. In the course of its investigations, RPD created or acquired a record of an individual’s military or civilian participation in the war and on outlaw and non-recognized guerrilla groups.
In November 1945, the second phase of RPD’s mission extended its mission to cover Philippine Army personnel and recognized guerrilla units. This extension provided pay and benefits to civilian and military personnel who were unavoidably away from their duty posts either because they were POWs, mission in action, in casualty status, or had an otherwise acceptable reason. To qualify for benefits, applicants were required to establish membership in the Philippine Army or one of the recognized guerrilla units. This increased the number of claims for recognition. More than 350,000 were interviewed; and their claims processed, validated, and sent to the Philippine Army finance office for payment.
The Philippine Archives Collection is composed of 1,665 boxes and is located at the U.S. National Archives, College Park, Maryland (NARA). It is in a deteriorating state with some records illegible and still having a rusty pin or clip attached or sewn together with crumbling thread from the time they were submitted. Some folders had dead insects and dirt in them.
The Philippine Archives Collection is divided into the following records.
Invasion and Surrender
United States Armed Forces in the Far East
Recovered Personnel Division
Visit Philippine Archives Collection Website
REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES
Office of the President
Office of the Vice President
Department of Education
Department of Interior and Local Government
Department of Finance
Department of Health
Department of Science and Technology
Department of Trade and Industry
Senate of the Philippines
House of Representatives
Court of Appeals
Court of Tax Appeals
Judicial Bar and Council
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